Sinonim je reč koja je po značenju identična ili vrlo slična nekoj drugoj reči, ali se od nje razlikuje po svom obliku. Sinonimi mogu biti imenice, glagoli ,prilozi, pridevi ili predlozi, dakle dve reči koje čine par sinonima moraju biti ista vrsta reči.
Potpuni sinonimi imaju isti opseg značenja i zamenljivi u svakom kontekstu, npr: car-automobile (auto-automobil). I u engleskom i u srpskom jeziku postoji veoma mali broj reči koje su potpuni sinonimi.
Delimični sinonimi imaju različiti opseg značenja i zamenljivi su samo u nekom kontekstu, npr: house-home (kuća-dom), otprilike-oko (about-approximately).
Naći pravu reč je važno ako želite da vaše misli i ideje prenesete na odgovarajući način.
Neki teoretičari smatraju da ni jedan sinonim nema apsolutno isto značenje (u svim kontekstima i na svim društvenim nivoima). Međutim, mnogi ljudi smatraju da sinonimi koji koriste su identičnog značenja za sve praktične upotrebe i u svakoj sitaciji. Različite reči koje su slične po značenju, postoji razlog zbog kojeg se razlikuju. Neki izraz je formalniji od drugog. It’s mu fault/its my mistake.
The Synonyms and Antonyms form an integral part of the English Language. Acquaintance with the vocabulary of the English language is a necessity for effective expression either in the written or in the oral from.
Synonym is nothing but the similar meaning of a particular word or its semantic relation. So,it is a word or a phrase that means the same as another word or a phrase in the same language.
You can create your synonym list in sections by type or you can simply use the idea in its general sense.
“To cleave” is an English verb with two synonyms which are antonyms of each other: to separate and to adhere.
Synonyms are different words with identical or at least similar meanings. Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous, and the state of being a synonym is called synonymy.
An example of Synonyms is the words “car“ and “automobile“.Similarly, if we talk about a “long time“ or an “extended time“, long and extended become Synonyms. In the figurative sense, two words are often said to be synonymous if they have the same connotation: ” A widespread impression that … Hollywood was synonymous with immorality” (Doris Kearns Goodwin).
- baby and infant (noun)
- student and pupil (noun)
- buy and purchase (verb)
- pretty and attractive (adjective)
- sick and ill (adjective)
- quickly and speedily (adverb)
- on and upon (preposition)
- freedom and liberty (noun)
- dead and deceased (adjective)
Here you will find a table of words and their synonyms. We’ve only listed typical synonyms. We recommend using a good dictionary when looking for synonyms.
Note that they are defined with respect to certain senses of words; for instance, pupil as the “aperture in the iris of the eye” is not synonymous with student. Similarly, expired as “having lost validity” (as in grocery goods) doesn’t necessarily mean death.
In English many examples evolved from a mixture of Norman French and English words, often with some words associated with the Saxon countryside (“folk”, “freedom”) and synonyms with the Norman nobility (“people”, “liberty”).
Some lexicographers claim that no synonyms have exactly the same meaning (in all contexts or social levels of language) because etymology, orthography, phonic qualities, ambiguous meanings, usage, etc. make them unique.
However, many people feel that the synonyms they use are identical in meaning for all practical purposes, and are interchangeable. Different words that are similar in meaning usually differ for a reason: feline is more formal than cat; long and extended are only synonyms in one usage and not in others, such as a long arm and an extended arm.