# Measures

### Linear measures

• 1 inch (in) = 2,54 cm
• 1 foot (ft) = 12 inches = 30,48 cm
• 1 yard (yd) = 3 feet = 91,44 cm
• 1 furlong (fur) = 220 yards = 201,17 m
• 1 mile (m) = 1760 yards = 1.609 km
• 1 league = 3 miles = 4,828 km

### Nautical measures

• 1 fathom = 6 feet = 1,829 m
• 1 cable = 608 feet = 185,31 m
• 1 nautical, sea mile = 10 cables = 1,852 km
• 1 sea league = 3 nautical miles = 5,550 km

### Liquid measures of capacity

#### British

• 1 gill = 0,142 l
• 1 pint (pt) = 4 gills = 0,568 l
• 1 quart (qt) = 2 pints = 1,136 l
• 1 gallon (gal) = 4 quarts = 4,564 l
• 1 barrel = 35 gallons = 159,106 l
• 1 barrel = 36 gallons (Bier) = 163,656 l

#### American

• 1 gill = 0,118 l
• 1 pint = 4 gills = 0,473 l
• 1 quart = 2 pints = 0,946 l
• 1 gallon = 4 quarts = 3,785 l
• 1 barrel = 42 gallons = 159,106 l

### Temperature conversion

#### Fahrenheit > Celsius (subtract 32 and multiply by 5/9)

• 0 °F = -17,8 °C
• 50 °F = 10 °C
• 100 °F = 37,7 °C
• 200 °F = 93,3 °C

#### Celsius > Fahrenheit (multiply by 9/5 and add 32)

• 0 °C = 32 °F
• 30 °C = 86 °F
• 50 °C = 122 °F
• 100 °C = 212 °F

### Avoirdupois weights

• 1 grain (gr) = 0,065 g
• 1 dram (dr) = 27,3438 grains = 1,772 g
• 1 ounce (oz) = 16 drams = 28,35 g
• 1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces = 453,59 g
• 1 stone = 14 pounds = 6,348 kg
• 1 quarter = 28 pounds = 12,701 kg
• 1 hundredweight (cwt) = 112 pounds (Brit) = 50,8 kg = 100 pounds (US) = 45,36 kg
• 1 ton = 20 cwt (Brit) = 1016 kg = 2000 pounds (US) = 907,185 kg